The Mohan Singh Mehta Committee (1974) enunciated the following three basic concepts of Krishi Vigyan Kendra
The Kendra will impart learning through work-experience and hence will be concerned with technical literacy, the acquisition of which does not necessarily require as a pre-condition for the ability to read and write.
The Kendra will impart training to only those extension workers who are already employed or too the practicing farmers and fishermen. In other words, the Kendra will cater to the needs of those who a re already employed or those who wish to be self-employed.
There will be no uniform syllabus for a Kendra. The syllabus and programme of each Kendra will be tailored to the felt needs, natural resources and the potential for agricultural growth in that particular area.
The Committee further suggested that the success of Kendras would depend upon adherence to the following three basic principles.
Accelerating agricultural and allied productions in the operational area of the Kendra should be the prime goal
Experiential learning i.e., “teaching by doing” and “learning by doing” should be the principal methods of imparting skill training’ and
Training efforts should not be made to make economically good people better but the poor ones good so as to raise the living conditions of the poorest of the poor.
The main idea was to influence the production system with social justice by creating a favourable condition for the have-nots.
Keeping the above in view, the Vision, Mission and Mandate of KVK are tailored as follows
Take a stock of appropriate technologies in agro-ecosystems perspective in a continuum for overall improvement in the social and economic well being of the farming community.
Bringing desirable behavioural changes associated with awareness, knowledge, skill and attitude among the farmers and other stakeholders for technology-led growth in farming and allied enterprises.
The mandate of KVK is application of technology/products through assessment, refinement and demonstration for adoption.
To implement the mandate effectively, the following activities are envisaged for each KVK
- On-farm testing to identify the location specificity of agricultural technologies under various farming systems.
- Frontline demonstrations to establish production potentials of technologies on the farmers’ fields.
- Training of farmers and extension personnel to update their knowledge and skills in modern agricultural technologies.
- Work as resource and knowledge centre of agricultural technologies for supporting initiatives of public, private and voluntary sector for improving the agricultural economy of the district.
- Provide farm advisories to farmers on marketing of agricultural produce.
- Identify, document and validate selected farm innovations.
- Select suitable ICT for reaching the unreached.
- Produce and make available technological products like seed, planting material, bio agents, young ones of livestock etc to the farmers as per their resources.
- Organize extension activities to create awareness about improved agricultural technologies.
In addition, KVKs would also implement sponsored schemes/programmes, which are within the mandate of KVK.
Production and Productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc. in the district
||Soil and water conservation.
||Integrated plant nutrient management.
||Integrated pest management.
||Integrated weed management.
||Seed treatment with fungicides, insecticides & Rhizobium culture.
||Quality seed production.
||Inadequate knowledge and adoption about improved technology.
||Extension strategies and research for agricultural intensification and diversification.
||Need of latest HYV according to semi-arid zone.
||To introduce improved varieties of fruits & vegetables.
||To over come the low productivity problems in livestock, KVK emphasize animal nutrition and disease management in livestock.